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The term increment means "to increase" or "to grow." Increment comes from agile software development, where products are realized in small parts (increments). The goal is to plan a product in small steps (incrementally) and not as a whole.
In Scrum, an increment is a result of a sprint. A sprint can include various increments. The increment is a part of a product. After each sprint, the processed increments must be functional.
Each increment is a step towards the product or project goal and is additive to its prior increments. Increments should be verified to ensure they deliver value. Sprint planning is usually done in project management software, as visualized in the following figure:
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In agile theory, you plan only one single sprint ahead. But as we all know — theory and practice don't always align. The sprint board is designed to overcome this potential limitation. This blog post deals with the idea of the sprint board and approaches on how you can make the best use of it in agile planning.